Task Permissions

Every Task contains permissions, called a Security Descriptor which defines who has rights to the Scheduled Task

Regedit

You can find the Security Descriptor of your task by looking in the Registry

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Schedule\TaskCache\Tree

PowerShell

You can get the Security Descriptor in PowerShell using the Task Scheduler API

$TaskScheduler = New-Object -ComObject Schedule.Service
$TaskScheduler.Connect()
$Task = $TaskScheduler.GetFolder('\PowerShell').GetTask('Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass')
$SecurityDescriptor = $Task.GetSecurityDescriptor(0xF)
Write-Host "SecurityDescriptor:" -ForegroundColor Cyan
$SecurityDescriptor

If you want to know more about Security Descriptor Definition Language, feel free to study this link

To convert the SDDL String to an ACL, simply run this command

(ConvertFrom-SddlString -Sddl $SecurityDescriptor).DiscretionaryAcl

Which should confirm that a Standard User does not have rights to READ or EXECUTE the Scheduled Task

Granting Access

Granting access to Authenticated Users for READ and EXECUTE is as simple as connecting to the Task Scheduler API and adding (A;;GRGX;;;AU) to the Security Descriptor using the following code

$Scheduler = New-Object -ComObject "Schedule.Service"
$Scheduler.Connect()
$GetTask = $Scheduler.GetFolder($TaskPath).GetTask($TaskName)
$GetSecurityDescriptor = $GetTask.GetSecurityDescriptor(0xF)
if ($GetSecurityDescriptor -notmatch 'A;;0x1200a9;;;AU') {
$GetSecurityDescriptor = $GetSecurityDescriptor + '(A;;GRGX;;;AU)'
$GetTask.SetSecurityDescriptor($GetSecurityDescriptor, 0)
}

Full Script

Here is the full script to run

#Requires -RunAsAdministrator
$TaskName = 'Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass'
$TaskPath = '\Corporate\PowerShell'
$Description = @"
Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Force
Runs as SYSTEM and does not display any progress or results
"@
$Action = @{
Execute = 'powershell.exe'
Argument = 'Set-ExecutionPolicy Bypass -Force'
}
$Principal = @{
UserId = 'SYSTEM'
RunLevel = 'Highest'
}
$Settings = @{
AllowStartIfOnBatteries = $true
Compatibility = 'Win8'
MultipleInstances = 'Parallel'
ExecutionTimeLimit = (New-TimeSpan -Minutes 60)
}
$ScheduledTask = @{
Action = New-ScheduledTaskAction @Action
Principal = New-ScheduledTaskPrincipal @Principal
Settings = New-ScheduledTaskSettingsSet @Settings
Description = $Description
}
New-ScheduledTask @ScheduledTask | Register-ScheduledTask -TaskName $TaskName -TaskPath $TaskPath -Force
$Scheduler = New-Object -ComObject "Schedule.Service"
$Scheduler.Connect()
$GetTask = $Scheduler.GetFolder($TaskPath).GetTask($TaskName)
$GetSecurityDescriptor = $GetTask.GetSecurityDescriptor(0xF)
if ($GetSecurityDescriptor -notmatch 'A;;0x1200a9;;;AU') {
$GetSecurityDescriptor = $GetSecurityDescriptor + '(A;;GRGX;;;AU)'
$GetTask.SetSecurityDescriptor($GetSecurityDescriptor, 0)
}

Results

After running the PowerShell script as an Administrator, I can now log in as a Standard User and see the Task in Task Scheduler. The PowerShell window shows the current Execution Policy, an error showing that I don't have permissions to change the Execution Policy, and finally running the Scheduled Task and displaying the Execution Policy results after running the Task

References